H O U S E o f W I S D 0 M
P. O. B o x 2 5 43
C l e b u r n e, T e x a s 7 6 0 3 3
Email: Woody@dtgministries.org
19 April 2017


John 12 - Part III
The Final Word to the People

 

Jesus and his disciples arrived in Bethany six days before Passover, and likely were staying at the home of Lazarus while visiting and teaching there and in Jerusalem until the last time he entered on the donkey. This study covers the final discourse of Jesus to the people.

John 12:20-26:
1. When Phillip & Andrew told Jesus that the Greeks wished to see him, why do you think Jesus responded the way he did? (Verses 23-24) Matthew 15:24; 10:5-6
{Luke 19:41-44 Jesus, when he rode into Jerusalem, essentially states that the nation of Judah is lost. When the Greeks seek him, he may have thought of the prophecy in Isaiah11:10; 60:1-7, about the gentiles/nations coming in; The fruit that all needed would be that produced by the cross - verse 24.}

2. John 12:27-30: Jesus said that the voice they heard from heaven was for their benefit. Why did some hear thunder & others thought an angel spoke? Psalms 104:7; Deuteronomy 4:36
{God has chosen to spread the gospel through people, Romans 10:13-15. But do others always recognize when God is speaking through another human being? Tradition has taught us to listen only to preachers/teachers of the organization to which we belong.}


3. John 12:31-33: Who is the ruler g758 of this world to be cast out, & how? ruler, teacher: Jn 3:1, 10
{Nicodemus was a Pharisee, a ruler & teacher of doctrine. Teachings of the rulers dominated the thoughts of the people. Jesus is not saying cast out the men, but get rid of their false teachings, Matthew 8:10-13. This is done by lifting up Jesus spiritually & looking at the cross through the eyes of God, Jn 3:14. Then we see two major things: 1. The love of God for humanity; 2. The depravity of man by what was done to Christ by sin & religiosity.}

4. John 12:34-36: Why did Jesus respond the way he did to the people’s statement in verse 34? (cf question 3)
{Jews believed that when the Messiah came, he would establish a literal kingdom of Israel over the nations & abide with them forever, Acts 1:6. He instructed them to seek the light. Generally, there will be a time in people’s lives when they encounter the true light. The advice is, take advantage while you have the opportunity.}

5. John 12:37-43: What reasons are given for many not believing, & others who believed not confessing it?
{verse 42; John 9:22; cf Isaiah 53:1; 6:9-10. Pharisees which believed - Acts 15:5 confessing not Jesus, but the law}

6. John 12:44-45: Explain what Jesus meant in these verses? See verses 49-50 (eyes - Ephesians 1:18)
{His words & actions were directed by God. John 14:7-10 the disciples did not understand the words of Jesus}

7. John 12:46-47: What two things did Jesus state that he came to do? +John 3:17

7a. What did Jesus say that he came NOT to do?
{The Greek word rendered judge (g2919) in verse 47 is translated condemn in John 3:17. The word properly means to distinguish; to decide, to determine, to judge. Verse 47 is a repeat of John 3:17.}

8. John 12:48: How will the word spoken by Jesus judge those who reject it? Verses 49-50; Rvelation 20:11-13
{The Greek word rendered here as “reject”, is rendered “despise” in Luke 10:16. The “book of life” contains the words of Jesus recorded in his mind, which are the words of the Father. The “books” are the minds of the resurrected wicked who have heard & despised the words of Jesus, reflected in their wicked works.}

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