H O U S E o f W I S D 0 M
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19 June 2019


Hebrews, Chapter 5
Called a Priest

Read Hebrews 5:1-4:

1. How were priests in Israel appointed? Verse 4; Ex 28:1 {The High Priest was a lifetime appointment. During the time of Jesus, the office was so corrupted that they were not lifetime appointments, but the office was obtained more by bribery & appointments made by Roman officials - i.e. it was about wealth & power. Men were honoring men instead of God.}

2. How do you reconcile Exodus 19:6 with Num 3:3, 5-10, where Aaron & sons were to be priests? {The condition of Exodus 19 is in verse 5: ...if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then... The Aaronic priesthood was part of the covenant to be obeyed. Looking back today, we can see that the covenant was 10 concepts written in stone, Dt 4:13, and the letter of the law, all of which Israel was to perform according to the letter. The whole system was a teaching tool and types of the spiritual kingdom that would be taught with the advent of the Messiah. Cf Lk 16:16; Heb 9:24.}

Read Hebrews 5:5-10:

3. Verse 5 quotes Psalms 2:7 and verse 6 quotes Psalms 110:4. Considering the context of Psalms 2:7, how is the term “birth” applied in Hebrews 5:5-10? {Young states the translation of Ps 2:6, correctly noted in the KJ margin: I have anointed My King, Upon Zion—My holy hill. A high priest was anointed with oil, a symbol for the Holy Spirit with which Jesus was anointed, Lk 4:18. These Psalms are prophecies of the spiritual birth of the Son of God that he would obtain by his human experience & the suffering of the cross. Cp Heb 5:7 & Mt 26:38-39. A priest is a minister. We become spiritual priests/ministers when we are spiritually birth - i.e. born from above, Jn 3:5-6, which the denominations only partially define.}
Note: Psalms 2:8-9 is a promise of the Savior after his completion, to give mankind rule over the character traits of the nations that we have collect all our lives. This is repeated in Rv 2:26-27; the fulfillment seen in Rv 12:5 & by whom in Rv 19:15.

4. Who was Melchizedek, after whom Christ was made priest? Gen 14:17-20 {The meaning of the words: Melchizedek h4442: From h4428 & h6644 = king of righteousness; king h4428 of Salem h8004 = king of peace h8004. He was a priest of Abram, who blessed him & to whom Abram paid tithes. More will be covered on this in the study of Hebrews chapter 7. Cp Isa 9:6; Jer 23:5-6}

5. When did the Son of God become author of eternal salvation? Heb 5:8-9 {KJ put made perfect, which would be better rendered as made complete. Made complete how? In his understanding of humankind & his Father’s patience with them. Cf Ex 32:9-14; Num 16:19-22. On the cross Jesus could say of those crucifying himself, Father, forgive them, they know not what they do, Lk 23:34.}

6. When does Jesus become our author of eternal salvation? Heb 5:9; 1Pt 5:10
Read Hebrews 5:10-14: 7. What does verses12-14 indicate about those to whom the letter of Hebrews was written? 1Pt:2:2; 1Cor 3:2 {The phrase, being made perfect g5048 in verse 9 is a single Greek word, as is the phrase to them that are of full age g5046 in verse 14. The first is a verb, the second an adjective, used as a noun; both of which are derived from telos g5056, meaning a conclusion; the end of an act or state (not the end of a period of time). Verse 14 is saying that strong meat, i.e. solid food belongs to those who are (spiritually) complete. In other words, a person must be
at a certain spiritual level in order to understand the deep things of God.}


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