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28 June 2021

The Spirit of Man and God

When people encounter Bible teachings, they hear about God, a physical person, they attend an actual church building, they are baptized in a literal pool of water, communion is literal bread and juice, etc. But when taught about the spirit of God, an abstract word is encountered, whether Hebrew or Greek. Westerners do not normally think in the abstract, so understanding the concept of ‘spirit’ is more difficult.
The main Hebrew word for spirit is ruwach h7307, and the main Greek word is pneuma g4151. More than 700 scripture references use these two words, both of which have the same meaning - a current of air, representing literal things, as breath, or wind. Derived from each word is the abstract word, spirit. The KJ Bible adds confusion by rendering pneuma as ghost 91 times, causing some to think that the Holy Spirit and the Holy Ghost are two different entities—bodiless souls, or a bodiless God.
Additionally, ruwach h7307 is feminine while pneuma g4151 is neuter. The apostles used the Greek language to define Hebrew concepts for the generations to come. Example: tree in Hebrew is masculine.

1. Compare Isaiah 40:13 quoted by Paul in Romans 11:34. In Romans, what word did Paul use instead of the word spirit stated in Isaiah?

1a. Paul understood that a spirit is a mind g3563. Nous g3563 includes all the functions of the mind–will, intellect, thoughts, perception, etc. When verses 12 & 13 of Isaiah 40 are considered together, verse 12 begins a series of questions asking if man can measure God’s way of thinking. The ancient unit of measurement used is the span, a unit of measure using the fingers. Fingers are a symbol for faith, Jn 20:24-27, which is understanding. No man can measure God with his own understanding. In verse 13 several Bible versions have correctly put Who has meted out (measured out), instead of Who has directed. The Septuagint (LXX) put mind g3563for spirit. Other verses that put mind for spirit h7307: Gen 26:35; Pr 29:11; Eze 11:5; 20:32; Hab 1:11; Dan 5:20 (Arabic h7308).

2. How many spirits are seen and how are they described in 1Corinthians 2:11-12?

2a. Most Bible versions render eido g1492 as know, which appears twice in verse 11 & once in 12. The proper meaning of eido g1492 is to see, meaning to understand, perceive, to know, Eph 1:18. What man & God understand is respective to their spirits—i.e. the thoughts that are expressed from the mind. The spirit of man sustain’s his infirmity, Pr 18:14, or the perverted thoughts of his heart; but God’s spirit reveals spiritual things. What comes out of a person’s mouth (spirit) is the candle of the Lord, searching the inward parts of the belly, Pr 20:27 (or, the mind–Pr 18:8). The current of air coming out of your mouth carries words, which express your thoughts— which in the Bible is often called spirit. Cp Job 33:4 to Jn 6:63 (spirit, breath, or words give life).

3. Read Ephesians 4:20-25: When the spirit of the mind is renewed, what is the result?

3a. By applying God’s understanding in our faith & works, we become a new person created in God’s righteousness. We are transformed & separated mentally from the world, Rom 12:2. God gives us a new heart & a new spirit—i.e. His way of thinking, Eze 36:24-27, with which we speak truth to others.

4. How does the N.T. define a spirit? 1Jn 5:6; Jn 14:6; Jn 6:63.

4a. The spirit is the truth. God’s spirit is pure; Man’s spirit is corrupt; God’s spirit reveals His pure & holy character; while man’s spirit reveals the truth of his corrupt character, cf Mt 15:11. Jesus spoke the words of God, Jn 12:49-50; it is why he is the way of the truth. Cf from KJ: Job 33:4; 27:3-4; nose h639 in Eze 16:12 is forehead; The Hebrew word ‘aph h639 is literally nose, rendered figuratively as nostrils, face, person, anger.
Note: In Greek Holy g40 is an adjective & spirit g4151 is a neuter noun, not masculine as often rendered. The English phrase the g3588 holy g40 spirit g4151 is in Greek t?? g3588 ‘a???? g40 p?e?µat?? g4151, as in Acts 2:33, 38. However, most of the time the Greek reads t? g3588 p?e?µat?? g4151 t? g3588 ‘a???? g40, as in John 14:26, and should be translated in English as the g3588 spirit g4151 of the g3588 holy g40 (One). In this case, the adjective does not modify the word spirit and needs the addition of a pronoun to make sense in English. Bible translators are primarily Trinitarian in belief. They made changes to promote the idea of a third God, called the holy Spirit, which is a false doctrine. Hebrew construction is different. English, however, is based more on Greek construction.)

5. How do you see Christ in these verses? Ex 32:7-10 (Dt 9:12-14). (cf Ex 24:9-11 & Jn 1:18)

5a. I was taught that it was God doing those bad things in the O.T. However, it was Christ who had a problem with sinful man. It is he that destroyed the earth with a flood, destroyed Sodom & Gomorrah & caused the death of many Israelites. But, you see a different Christ in the N.T. In the O.T. you see Christ’s ‘old man’ in control; in the N.T. you see Christ’s ‘new man’ in control. He portrayed mankind so that we could see ourselves.

6. Read John 14:15-18, 26: To what is the comforter equated? Verse 17.

6a. The comforter is called the spirit of the truth, also the spirit of the holy (One). Jesus said: I spoke to you in Proverbs, Jn 16:25—spirit & comforter are symbols of the truth that comes from the Father to the Son to humanity. When you possess the truth, you possess the spirit; when you do not possess the truth you do not possess God’s spirit. Comforter in Greek is parakletos g3875. This form of the word appears five times, used only by the apostle John, translated as comforter, except one time. The word advocate, 1Jn 2:1, should be rendered as comforter. And John clearly says that Jesus is the Comforter. Why another comforter? In the O.T. Christ destroyed the wicked; in the N.T. he forgave them, Lk 23:34. He was a changed person as an example of how we can be changed (cf 1Sam 10:1-6) when we apply the truth in our lives.

7. Read Acts 5:1-11: When Ananias lied, to whom was he lying? Cp v3 with v9.

7a. When you ask a person for a scripture to prove their belief of God the Spirit, this reference is often quoted. Both Ananias & Sapphira lied to Christ. The phrase ‘holy ghost’ refers to the spirit of the Lord. Trinitarian translators have perverted dozens of scriptures pertaining to the holy spirit. In this reference the phrase holy ghost properly rendered in English would be the spirit of the holy (One). Christ is referred to as the holy One, Mk 1:24. He is the holy One because he possesses the spirit of the Father, Acts 2:33; Jn 3:34.

8. Read Matthew 28:19: Did the disciples use this formula for baptism? Acts 2:38; 3:6; 4:10; 8:12-16; 10:47-48; 19:3-5; 22:16.

8a. One of the few times the adjective holy is rendered with spirit correctly, is in Matthew 28:19, a late edition to the N.T. in an attempt to pervert the writings to a different belief. Allegedly, this was spoken by Jesus to the disciples, yet they never used it. Except for ghost, the phrase is correct in Acts 2:33, 18. We have been warned that many would come saying Jesus is the Christ, implying false teachings. Today, various religious groups teach as many as eight different views of Christ. BEWARE!!

Extra Scriptures to Consider

>John 4:24: KJV = God is (a) spirit, and they who worship Him must worship in spirit and in truth.
(The KJ, as well as other versions incorrectly add the English indefinite article “a” based on the idea of a bodiless being.)
John 4:24: Actual Greek = spirit the God and the (plural definite article; no English equivalent) worshiping him in spirit and truth also worship.
Corrected: God [is] Spirit, and the [ones] worshiping Him must worship in spirit and truth.
[Words necessary for English]
Interpretation: God’s spirit is His understanding, which is the truth. God is truth, and those worshiping Him must worship in (His) understanding and truth. Jesus said, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father, except by me.” Jn 14:6. The Father is the source of truth, Jesus is the means by which we obtain the truth. Cp 1Pt 1:10-11: The original language of the writings is inspired by Jesus.

>John 7:37-39: KJV = 37 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. 38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. 39 (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet (given); because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)
John 7:37-39: Greek = And in the last day, the great day of the feast, stood Jesus and cried saying, If anyone thirst, let him come to me and drink. The [one] believing in me, as said the writing (scripture), out of the belly shall flow rivers of living water. Moreover, this he said concerning the spirit which the [ones] believing in him were about to receive; for not yet was the spirit [of] the [the] holy [One], because Jesus was not yet glorified.
1. The glorification of Jesus was consummated at the cross. Cf Jn 17:5-6.
2. Like the KJ Bible, the word given is supplied by other versions; which if otherwise left out, a person without understanding might think the verse was saying that the Holy Spirit did not exist prior to the cross.
3. The Holy Spirit that was not yet, refers to the full understanding of how the Father looks at mankind, which was not available until after the cross. By living as a human being in the flesh, being tempted in all points as mankind and giving his life for humanity, Jesus came to be in that full understanding of God. Cp 1:14-15; 2:9.
4. This is the Holy Spirit (God’s understanding) Jesus came to give, typified by Pentecost, Acts 2:32-33.
5. John 7:37-39 Living Water is figurative of the Holy Spirit (Dt 32:1-2; Rv 22:1), or God’s understanding coming from the thoughts (belly, Pr 26:22; 1:23) of believers.
6. The Holy Spirit is our spiritual mother, Gal 4:26; Pr 12:4 two women, crown; 14:18 crown, knowledge. See the spiritual meaning of woman: Job 31:9; Pr 5:3-5; 2:10-18; Ps 48:2-6; Rv 12:1-2; Gal 4:19.

>Isaiah 61:1: ‘The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon h5921 me,’ should read ‘The Spirit of the Lord GOD is in me.’
Compare 2Samuel 23:2: The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in h5921 my tongue. Deuteronomy 5:16: ... that it may go well with thee in h5921 the land ...
Job 20:2-3: 2 So my thoughts cause me to answer, even because of my haste in me. 3 I have heard the instruction of my chastisement; and the spirit from my understanding makes me reply. LITV
Thoughts are expressed by words carried by the breath, i.e. spirit, revealing the understanding of the speaker. So spirit can relate to breath, words, thoughts or understanding, all of which relate to the truth.

>John 3:8: KJ - The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit. (Other versions replace it with he.)
Correct rendering of verses 7 & 8: 7 Do not wonder because I said to you, You must be born from above. 8 The spirit breathes where it desires, and you hear the voice of it; but you do not understand from where it comes, and where it goes; so is everyone having been born from the Spirit.

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