H O U S E o f W I S D 0 M
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Email: wwilson61@hotmail.com
19 April 2021

John 10 - Part I
The Good Shepherd


Read John 10:1-21:
1. In this parable, what do the sheep & sheepfold represent? Psalms 100:3 temple; 1Corinthians 12:27-28
{notice that “church g1577” is parallel with “body of Christ.” The proper meaning of the Greek word ekklesia g1577, rendered as “church” 115 of 188 times, is: a calling out. As to those with ears to hear, they are called out from where ever they are, into the body of Christ - also call “church of God” Acts 20:28; the pillar and ground of the truth, 1Timothy 3:15. In Psalms 100, a type of the gathering place is the temple in God’s presence, Exodus 25:22}

2. What does the door/shepherd of the sheepfold represent? John 10:7, 9, 11

2a. What did Jesus mean by “other sheep?” Verse 16
{verse 21 indicates that he is continuing to teach while in the temple. “This fold” then, refers to those of the Jews accepting him as Messiah, while “other sheep” refers to non-Jews who don’t meet in the temple who would accept him & become spiritual Jews Romans 2:28-29.}

3. Who is the doorkeeper? (KJ=Porter) Mark 13:33-37; John 20:14-16
{Give ear and come to me; listen, that you may live, Isaish 55:3 NIV. Many verses in the Bible refer to listening to God. It could be direct, but most likely will be will be indirect when reading the Bible, hearing another speak of spiritual things or a thought coming during or after an experience, such as in a dream or vision Job 33:14-18}

4. What does a “thief & robber” represent, & what does it mean “he enters not by the door, but by another way”?
Verse 1, 10; Jeremiah 23:30-32
{a thief does not come by Jesus, but for reasons of his own. He steals God’s words from a person by supplanting false ideas & interpretations of scripture. Hundreds of times I have heard the Holy Spirit referred to as “God the Spirit.” Yet there is not one scripture to support this view.}

5. The sheep will not follow the voice of a stranger. What is a stranger? Verse 5; Psalms 144:11; 81:9; Pr 22:14; 23:7
{A stranger is one who worships a god other than the one true God. With all the different beliefs about the Father & Son, there must be many strangers who would have you follow them, Matthew 24:4-5, 24; Mark 13:21-22.}

6. A wolf scatters the sheep. What does a wolf represent? Verse 12; Matthew 7:15
{A prophet is one who speaks from Divine inspiration. A wolf would claim to speak by Divine inspiration.}

7. How would you describe a “hireling” today? Verse 13
{a hireling does not own the sheep, God does. What if you were a responsible for bring in several sheep into the fold? Would you feel some responsibility to help & protect them? A hireling would not feel this way}

8. How do you understand the words of Jesus, Verses 17-18 ...I lay down my life, that again I may take g2983 it; no one doth take g142 it from me, but I lay it down of myself; authority I have to lay it down, and authority I have again to take g2983 it: this command I received g2983 from my Father. YLT?

{Some commentaries & other teachers say that Christ raised himself from the dead. However, there are over 20 scriptures that say God raised him, cf Galatians 1:1. The Greek word lambano g2983 appears in the NT 263 times, 133 of which is translated receive. g2983. Notice Jesus received the command from his Father. Received is the same Greek word rendered two times as take. The offer of a gift can be described in two ways: it can be said that the other person “did take” the gift; or they “did receive” the gift. Either would be correct. But the person could not “take” or “receive” the gift unless it were offered. Christ had the authority to lay down his life, and he had the authority to receive it again, because it was offered by the Father raising him from the dead. This concept proves that the Father & Son are separate beings}

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