H O U S E o f W I S D 0 M
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Email: wwilson61@hotmail.com
29 March 2017

John 12 - Part 1
Six Days before Passover


Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead just before Passover, to be the third since beginning his ministry. After raising Lazarus, he no more walked openly among the Jews because of their plots to kill him, but went into the country near the wilderness (John 11:54). There is a time to go to Jerusalem - As the Preacher said: To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven: A time to be born, and a time to die... (Ecclesiastes 3:1-2). Once, when Herod threatened his life, Jesus said, You go and tell that fox, Behold, today and tomorrow, I cast out demons and I do cures, and the third day I will be perfected. Yet I must walk today and tomorrow and the day following. For it cannot be that a prophet perish outside of Jerusalem (Luke 13:32-33). Passover and the sacrifice of a lamb signified Israel’s deliverance from Egypt. In due time and in Jerusalem, the Lamb of God would fulfill the Passover type (1Cor 5:7) and shed his blood to signify deliverance from sin for all who would accept the truth of the cross - the Son of God gave his life to show the people of the world God’s love.

Read John 12:1-11: (note that John drops back to six days before Passover; parallels Matthew 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9) 1. Jesus returned to Bethany & there a supper was made where Martha served, verses 1-2. In whose home were they meeting? Mark 14:3 {John gave few details of the six days, some assume that it was in the home of Lazarus}

2. When Mary anointed of Jesus’ feet, to what event did he say it pointed? Verse7; Matthew 26:12; Mark 14:8

Note: Both Matthew & Mark gave the location of the supper & also state that a woman (not named) anointed Jesus’ head; whereas John does not name the place, & says that his feet that were anointed. The best explanation for the difference in the accounts is given by F. B. Meyer’s comment on Matthew 26:1-13: Mary is not named in this Gospel, perhaps because it was written during her lifetime and such a reference might have exposed her to suffering. But in the fourth Gospel she is named, because by that time the whole family had gone into the presence of Him whom they so devotedly loved. As to the difference regarding what part of Jesus was anointed, bear in mind that there were a large number of people there. Likely the disciples, scattered around the table, did not all have a good view of Jesus, or may have had their attention occupied by conversation with others next to them just prior to the odor of the Spikenard filling the room. Peter, James & John appeared to be considered as leaders, or part of the inner circle (Matthew 17:1; Mark 5:37; Luke 8:51) & likely sat closer to Jesus. John, the disciple whom Jesus loved, probably sat next to him, as he did at their last supper (John 13:22-25), & was able to observe up close, the actions of Mary.

3. When Judas Iscariot stated: Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence (300 silver coins), and given to the poor?, what did John think & what was Jesus’ response? Verses 4-8; Matthew 26:12-13

Note: One silver coin, a days wage, Matthew 20:2; 300 silver coins were about a year’s wages. 12 oz of pure, non-therapeutic Spikenard today would cost approximately $500.00. The Roman denari weighed .1375 oz, in today’s silver market, worth about $2.40, making 300 of them worth $720.

4. How did Judas react to the rebuke of Jesus? Matthew 26:14-16; Luke 22:1- 6, no crowds - Psalm 41:9, prophesied
{It appears that John's purpose of recording this event out-of-order, was to identify Judas as the one who spoke against Mary & who may have been an influence on the other disciples. Jesus rebuked Judas in front of everyone, including his own father, & is likely the reason he went to the chief priests at that time.}

Read Matthew 27:3-10:
5. Why could not the priests put the money back into the treasury? What did they do with the money? Verse 6-10; Zechatiah 11:12-13 {Apparently a small worthless field, & became a place in which to bury strangers (a symbol for unbelievers) & was also how the Jews viewed Jesus. Field of blood: purchased with blood money. Silver in ancient times was used as money. Thirty silver coins: the value of a slave, Exodus 21:32, is all the Jews were willing to give for the life of the Savior}

OT types: Read Genesis 45:21-22: (Joseph reveals himself to his brothers, prepares to bring them all to Egypt)
6. Why would Joseph treat Benjamin different than the rest of his brothers? Genesis 30:22-24; 35:16-19
{Jacob favored Rachel & her sons over Leah & her sons. This caused jealousy & hate to rise in the hearts of the other siblings. At this time in Jacob’s life, he & all his household put away all strange gods, Genesis 35:2-4. Following God’s instructions, 35:1, to build and altar, God said to him: Your name is Jacob. Your name shall not be called Jacob any more, but Israel shall be your name. And He called his name Israel, 35:10. Jacob’s character changed from that of a “liar, layer of snares & supplanter” to one who has struggled with God & man, & overcame, Genesis 32:28 NIV.}

*Benjamin was born in Bethlehem; so was Jesus, Matthew 2:1;
*Benjamin in Hebrew means “son of the right hand;” Jesus is the son of the RH of God, Isaiah 53:1; Hebrews 1:3
*Judas & the priests valued Jesus for 30 pieces of silver, the price of a slave. Judas is a type for unbelievers who make Jesus like unto themselves - slaves to men and sin, betrayers of the Savior.
*Joseph valued Benjamin at 300 pieces of silver; Mary valued Jesus at 300 pieces of silver (the price of the perfume). Mary, is type for overcomers who give their all & value Jesus 10 times more (300=30x10) than those who crucify him, Hebrews 6:4-6. She is a type of those who received the spiritual inheritance (3x10x10 = the complete understanding of Jesus before & after the cross; double inheritance complete)

The Potter’s Field: Clay pots were used in the temple services. They were broken & discarded after being used once, as they were stained by whatever was put in them. The field is a symbol for the people of the world, Matthew 13:38, & we like clay pots, Jer18:1-6, are stained by sin & broken. There are a multitude of different beliefs about Jesus among Christians today, because most make him something according to their own desires (symbol - money, silver). There are those who come to understand that Jesus shed his blood, not to appease an angry God, or to pay a penalty for our sins, but because he loved us. These learn to value Jesus so much more, and to give up their lives, that they might obtain his life. As Jesus said to Simon the Pharisee, who judged a sinful woman as not worthy to touch Jesus: her many sins have been forgiven—as her great love has shown. But whoever has been forgiven little loves little, Luke 7:47 NIV. Those who are forgiven little is because they ask not, nor receive that offered by God.

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