H O U S E o f W I S D 0 M
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03 May 2017

John 13
Wash One Another’s Feet

Read John 13:1-2:
1. Does this supper take place at Passover, or prior to the Passover ?
{Many believe this meal was the one at Simon’s house two days before Passover, Matthew 26:2, 6. Thus we have the reason some churches have foot washing with communion and others do not. However, the accounts of Matthew & Mark, at Simon’s supper, record nothing of Jesus saying, “his hour has come,” whereas John mentions this the next day after the supper at Simon’s (John 12:23), after Jesus entered Jerusalem. John said that Jesus knew prior to the Passover meal that his time had come; and by this time, it was already in the heart of Judas to betray Jesus - i.e. Judas already had the 30 pieces of silver in his pocket (Luke 22:1-6) two days before Passover. Actual Greek: 1. Now (g1161) before the feast of the Passover, having known Jesus that had come his hour that he might depart out of this world to the Father (John 12:23), having loved his own which (were) in the world, to (the) end he loved them. 2. And supper having come, the devil already (now g2235 in KJ) having put into the heart of Judas, Simon’s (son), Iscariot, that him he might betray; In John chapters 13-17 are the things Jesus said after the main meal was over, then they all went to the garden. Communion was instituted during the meal, mentioned by Matthew (Matthew 26:26-29), Mark & Luke. Only John mentions the foot-washing. Why did John include it & not mention the bread & wine symbols? The overall theme of John’s writings is love. The bread & wine were well covered by other writers, but apparently only John saw the washing the feet of others as an act of love.


Read John 13:3-7:
2. Peter asked, Do you wash my feet? What does Jesus’ answer to the question tell us about the foot-washing?
{Did Peter & the disciples know that Jesus was washing their feet? Jesus implied , verse 7, that there was more to this than Peter and the other disciples understood at the time.}


2a. Verse 4-5: What position did Jesus place himself in when he washed the disciples feet?
{Luke 12:35-40: Jesus humbled himself as a servant; the meal & foot-washing he made spiritual types; Revelation 3:20}


Read John 13:8-12: (If I do not wash your feet, you have no part with me; If I do, you are completely clean)
3. Jesus asked (verse 12) if they knew what he had done: What lesson is Jesus teaching? Ephesians 5:26; John 15:3
{feet - Psalm 119:59, 101, 105 - direction of the thoughts of the heart. Clean or pure - Titus 1:15}

3a. To whom was Jesus referring when he said, “not all are clean?” Matthew 26:14-16
{Jesus spiritually washed the feet of Judas over three years with the water of the word, & still he betrayed Jesus. What does that say about the danger & struggle we might have in our time?}


Read John 13:13-17:
4. Was Jesus instructions to wash one another’s feet literally, or in the spiritual sense? Verses 7, 10


4a. How are we to wash one another’s feet? Suggestions: Matthew 10:32-33; Luke 12:8-9; Romans 10:9; James 5:16; 1John 1:5-10


Read John 13:18-30: I tell you before it happens, that when it comes to pass you may believe.
5. What did Jesus tell them? Verses 21, 26; Matthew 26:21-25
{Jesus acknowledged that the disciples called him “Lord & Teacher” John 13:13-14. It is interesting that except for Judas, the disciples used the term “Lord” when asking if each were the betrayer. Judas used the term “Teacher.”}


Two accounts say, “he that dips his hand with me in the dish betrays me,” Matthew 26:23; Mark 14:20; Luke 22:21 states it as the hand of him that betrays me is with me on the table. John wrote that Jesus specifically identified the betrayer by dipping a piece of bread & giving it to Judas. Note Psalm 41:9: Even a man, my friend, in whom I trusted, who ate of my bread, has lifted up his heel against me. (MKJV)


6. Today, how can one who is walking with Jesus, might at the same time betray him? John 6:36, 14; Isaiah 30:20-21
{In the context of Isaiah 30, God’s children are trusting in Egypt, verses 1-2, whose pride (Hebrew rahab, emblematic of Egypt) is to sit still, or do nothing, NIV. Egypt is a type for the world’s way of thinking. All start out with teachers who do not know the whole truth (i.e. we all started in spiritual Babylon Jeremiah 29:8-9). Some will see & walk in the light, & learn to discern between false & true teachings by study & searching for truth (cf Jeremiah 29:11-13.}

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