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02 August 2017

John 19 - Part I
Behold the Man

Read John 19:1-16
It is about 6:00 am on preparation day for Passover (John 19:14), and Pilate makes a last effort to save Jesus, whom
he knows is innocent.

1. What alarmed Pilate & caused him to ask Jesus where he came from? John 19:7-9
1a. What ultimately convinced Pilate to allow Jesus to be crucified? John 19:12-16
Jesus did not answer Pilate’s initial question of where Jesus came from; Pilate said to Jesus: know you not that I
have the authority to crucify you or release you? Jesus gave him a two part answer, John 19:11.

2. Why do you think Jesus did not answer Pilate’s question about where he was from? John 18:36
{If his kingdom was not of this world, neither was he from this world,
John 3:13. Also Pilate, like the Jews, likely
took the kingdom to be only a physical one, and would not have understood a spiritual kingdom.}
2a. What is implied by, you could have no authority at all...except it were given you from above?
{God appoints/allows wicked as well as the righteous to rule to suit His purposes. Cf Jeremiah 27:6}
2b. How do those that delivered Jesus have the greater sin?

{Pilate was a Pagan & did not know God. He sinned because went against his conscience, by giving in to the Jews
& delivering an innocent man to be tortured & crucified. Judas, Caiaphas & other Jews knew about God &
delivered Jesus out of envy & malice. They took advantage of Pilate’s position, authority and ignorance about

Read Matthew 27:27-31
By the action of the soldiers in the treatment of Jesus, they indicated they had no relationship to God. What they
did outward is indicative of the thinking that formed their character. Matthew 7:1-2

3. What do the thorns & scarlet robe indicate about them metaphorically? John 19:5 Behold the man!
Matthew 13:22; Ezekiel 2:6; Isaiah 55:13: care is for the world, it pleasures, etc. This was the curse on Adam, Genesis
3:18; also on Israel when they did not drive out all the inhabitants of the promised land, Numbers 33:55; Joshua 16:10;
deceitfulness of riches is living according to our own understanding of God & what we think is right for self.
scarlet/purple robe: Generally, color represents thought, understanding, Isaiah 1:18; Revelation 19:8. These particular colors
indicate a king, ruler. Revelation 17:1-6: Babylon, mother of harlots, confused thinking about God; those who make
themselves kings of the earth, instead of letting Christ rule in their thinking, Revelation 1:6; 5:10. Note: The thorns, and other
things about Christ’s outward appearance will be discussed in more detail when the cross is covered.}

Read John 19:14, 31, 42; cf John 7:37; Luke 23:54, 56; Leviticus 23:3, 36 (extra Exodus 16:19-25; 20:8-11; Deuteronomy 5:12-15)
4. What day of the week was the preparation day and why was it a “high” or “great” day?
{Confusion among scholars has to do with understanding the difference between sabbaths of the feast days & the
7th-day Sabbath. The day at the beginning & ending of Passover were sabbaths (literally = rest days). No work was
to be done, EXCEPT food preparation, Exedus 12:16. Never was the killing of the lamb, etc. ever called a “preparation
day.” On the 7th-day Sabbath, however, even food preparation was not allowed, but prepared the day before, see
Exodus 16:19-25. Additionally, it was called a Sabbath h7676 of rest h7677, Exedus 31:15. Sabbath h7676 is a Hebrew word
meaning “rest” which is in the “intensive form.” According to Gesenius, pg 804, Col B, under 7677, this is
indicative of a “great day.” So the 7th-day Sabbath was considered a great (high) day, which John indicated in John
19:31. So the preparation day was on what we call today as Friday, & that year the beginning of the Passover
week occurred on the 7th-day Sabbath. Jesus died on 6th day, lay in the grave over the Sabbath, & was resurrected
on the first day of the week. Reckoning must be the Hebrew day - sunset to sunset.

Note: Three days/nights: Matthew 12:40; Luke 11:30. No where are the three days & nights applied to the cross. The
statement of Jesus about the sign is in the future tense, so many assume it applies only to the cross. Look at what
Jesus said metaphorically: The earth is a symbol for the mind,
Matthew 13:3, 18-19, 23; Christ is in you when you
receive the word of the kingdom, as he is the truth, John 14:6. When Jesus was dedicated at the temple, Simeon gave
a prophecy about Jesus: Luke 2:30-35: 30 For mine eyes have seen thy salvation, 31 Which thou hast prepared
before the face of all people
; 32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel. 33 And Joseph
and his mother marveled at those things which were spoken of him.
34 And Simeon blessed them, and said unto
Mary his mother, Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which
shall be spoken against
; 35 (Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that the thoughts of many
hearts may be revealed.
(Cf Matthew 21:43; John 10:16) Two ideas come to mind about the sign that Jesus was in the
heart of the earth: 1) the three years of his ministry as the Son of man; 2) the sign began at Pentecost, when the
Holy Spirit was poured out. See Acts 2:14-21, where Peter quotes Joel about the signs. While the disciples’
understanding was opened a few days before Pentecost, Luke 24:44-45, it was on Pentecost they began to boldly
speak the gospel to the people & thousands were baptized. Then Peter was given a vision that the Gentiles should
be included; and a short while later, Saul is called, and becomes Paul, a minister to the Gentiles. This was the sign
to the Jews that Jesus was their expected Messiah - Isaiah 42:1-9; 60:1-5.}


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