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25 July 2017

John 19 - Part II
The Sayings of Jesus while on the Cross


Of Jesus John states: And He went out bearing His cross, to the place called Of a Skull, Jn 19:17; Luke wrote:
And as they led him away, having laid hold on a certain Simon, a Cyrenian, coming from a field, they put the
cross on him to bear it behind Jesus, Lk 23:26 LITV. Mark adds that Simon was the father of Alexander and
Rufus, apparently well known among the disciples of Jesus, and likely the same as mentioned in Acts 19:33 and
Romans 16:13. The reason for the translation in Luke, bear it behind Jesus, is because it is believed that Simon
walked behind Jesus carrying one end of the cross, as it was required that the one being punished bear his cross
to the place of execution. Jesus, in his weakened condition, was likely struggling under the weight. And the Jews,
condemning Jesus in the night and being in a hurry to finish what they had started, did not want any delays.

1. What spiritual lesson might we learn from Luke’s version of Simon following Jesus bearing his cross? Luke 9:22-
23; Matthew 11:28-30; John 17:20-22.
{A young man, who thought that he was keeping the last six commandments, inquired of Jesus how to obtain
eternal life. Jesus’ final instruction was to him: One thing you lack: Go, sell all that you have, and give to the
poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, take up the cross, and follow Me, Mark 10:21, EMT. Learn
to recognize that you are poor in God’s spirit; get rid of your own mental riches, Matthew 5:3, 6. The treasure in heaven
we want is God’s way of seeing things, His understanding of all things, Isaiah 55:1-3, 7-11.}

Golgotha was outside the city gates, on the west side. Jesus once stated, it cannot be that a prophet perish out
of Jerusalem, Luke 13:33. This statement is based on fulfilling types in the law. When the people as a whole sinned
ignorantly, the high priest made a sacrifice, burned the fat on the altar, sprinkled blood in the first apartment of
the tabernacle before the veil of the second apartment, and all the rest of the bullock was taken outside the camp
and burned, Leviticus 4:13-21.

2. What spiritual lesson can be learned from “going outside the city”? Hebrews 13:10-14; Galatians 4:21-26
{Jesus fulfilled the type as the High Priest of Israel. Also, old Jerusalem was in bondage to the law, i.e. governed
by the writings. To be governed by Jerusalem which is above, is to be under the Holy Spirit, and the law of the
spirit, Romans 8:2. A city is a mind-set, Jeremiah 1:18; Proverbs 25:28; leave the old way of thinking & enter the new.}

What can be learned from the seven statements of Jesus while he was on the cross?
1. Father forgive them, they know not what they do. Luke 23:34
2. Truly I say to you today, you will be with me in paradise. Luke 23:42
3. Woman, behold your son, (to John) behold your mother. John 19:26-27
4. My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34; Psalms 22:1
5. I thirst. John 19:28
6. Father into you hands I commit my spirit. Lk 23:46; Ps 31:5
7. It is finished. John 19:30

1. First Saying: By this and other sayings, Jesus revealed the fullness of the character and love of the Father, which
was also in himself, Philipians 2:5; John 5:26. John states that God is love, 1John 4:8; and Paul wrote that love makes no
record of wrongs, 1Corinthians 13:5 NIV. Through out his ministry, Jesus was forgiving sins of the repentant. After all
that was done to him by religious leaders and the soldiers, Jesus forgave them. This general statement of
forgiveness was for the whole world. After his resurrection, he related the spirit of forgiveness as that of receiving
the Holy Spirit - Receive the Holy Spirit; if of any ye may loose (or, dismiss) the sins, they are loosed (or,
dismissed) to them; if of any ye may retain, they have been retained. John 20:22-23 YLT.

2. Second Saying: Two thieves - one mocking, the other defending Jesus. Think of them as types today of
mankind, some mocking by words and actions, others defending the truth with words and examples of conduct.
First corporate forgiveness was demonstrated, and now individual forgiveness is given to the repentant thief.
“ Paradise” is of oriental origin, which among the Persians applied to parks or gardens. It appears that Jesus
applied this word to a physical place we call heaven; and to the garden of God, Ezekiel 31:9; 28:13, a symbol for His
mind, or understanding Isaiah 58:11; Jeremiah 31:12.
Note: In Luke 23:43, the KJ and most other Bibles place the comma before the word “today.” Since there is no punctuation in the original, it must
be added to help the English reader. But how a verse is punctuated can change the meaning of the verse. With the comma located before “today”
makes it sound as though Jesus, upon his death, will go immediately to heaven and also the thief with him. Place the comma after the word “today”
and it removes the time frame of when Jesus or the thief goes to heaven. Cf John 20:17 where Jesus said, I am not yet ascended to my Father.” If
Jesus did not go to heaven immediately upon his death, neither did the thief go to heaven that day. (Study: State of Man in Death)

3. Third Saying: From these references, John 19:26-27 and Mark 6:3, it is implied that Jesus was the only
biological child of Mary. How fitting, as he is the only begotten Son of God. Here, in one of his final acts, Jesus
showed his love for his earthly mother by providing for her care. Her suffering was prophesied by Simeon when
Joseph and Mary took Jesus to the temple to be dedicated to the Lord: 34. And Simeon blessed them and said
to Mary his mother, “Behold, this child is appointed for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign that
is opposed
35. (and a sword will pierce through your own soul also), so that thoughts from many hearts may be
” Luke 2:34-35.

Statements 4-7 will be covered in the next part of the study on John 19.


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